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超硬磨料套料钻水下钻削P110钢的磨损实验

吴涛 黄辉

吴涛, 黄辉. 超硬磨料套料钻水下钻削P110钢的磨损实验[J]. 金刚石与磨料磨具工程, 2024, 44(1): 133-142. doi: 10.13394/j.cnki.jgszz.2023.0044
引用本文: 吴涛, 黄辉. 超硬磨料套料钻水下钻削P110钢的磨损实验[J]. 金刚石与磨料磨具工程, 2024, 44(1): 133-142. doi: 10.13394/j.cnki.jgszz.2023.0044
WU Tao, HUANG Hui. Wear experiment on underwater drilling of P110 steel using superhard abrasive core drill[J]. Diamond & Abrasives Engineering, 2024, 44(1): 133-142. doi: 10.13394/j.cnki.jgszz.2023.0044
Citation: WU Tao, HUANG Hui. Wear experiment on underwater drilling of P110 steel using superhard abrasive core drill[J]. Diamond & Abrasives Engineering, 2024, 44(1): 133-142. doi: 10.13394/j.cnki.jgszz.2023.0044

超硬磨料套料钻水下钻削P110钢的磨损实验

doi: 10.13394/j.cnki.jgszz.2023.0044
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(52275427); 教育部创新团队滚动计划(IRT_17R41); 脆性材料产品智能制造技术学科创新引智基地(B23011)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    黄辉,男,1974 年生,博士、教授、博士生导师。主要研究方向:脆性材料高效、精密、智能加工,超硬材料工具制备与应用。E-mail:huangh@hqu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TQ164; TG58; TG74

Wear experiment on underwater drilling of P110 steel using superhard abrasive core drill

  • 摘要: P110钢具有良好的综合力学性能,广泛用作油气井的套管,使用硬质合金工具对其进行水下钻削时工具磨损严重。实验研究3种不同超硬磨粒及结合剂的套料钻水下钻削P110钢的磨耗比,跟踪观察套料钻表面的磨粒形貌变化,并分析金刚石磨粒表面的石墨化情况。结果表明:在相同加工条件下,3种不同套料钻的端面磨耗大致相同,但使用金刚石磨粒的套料钻侧面磨损明显小于使用立方氮化硼(cBN)磨粒套料钻的;在水下加工条件下,端面金刚石磨粒会产生石墨化,但其仍保持一定的切削能力;结合剂硬度影响磨粒出露,从而导致套料钻在不同工作状态下的性能产生差异。

     

  • 图  1  钻削加工实物图及示意图

    Figure  1.  Physical drawing and schematic diagram of drilling process

    图  2  3种套料钻

    Figure  2.  Three core drills

    图  3  测量位置

    Figure  3.  Measuring position

    图  4  3种套料钻的材料去除量

    Figure  4.  Material removal amount of three kinds of core drills

    图  5  3种套料钻磨损量

    Figure  5.  Wear amount of three core drills

    图  6  金刚石磨粒形貌

    Figure  6.  Morphology of diamond abrasive grains

    图  7  钻削后金刚石磨粒的SEM形貌

    Figure  7.  SEM morphology of diamond abrasive grains after drilling

    图  8  Fe基cBN套料钻表面形貌

    Figure  8.  Surface morphology of iron-based cBN core drill

    图  9  W基cBN套料钻表面形貌

    Figure  9.  Surface morphology of tungsten based cBN core drill

    图  10  W基cBN套料钻断齿形貌

    Figure  10.  Broken tooth morphology of tungsten based cBN core drill

    图  11  3种套料钻磨耗比

    Figure  11.  Abrasion ratios of three core drills

    图  12  金刚石磨粒典型的拉曼光谱峰

    Figure  12.  Typical Raman spectral peaks of diamond abrasive grains

    图  13  钻削后磨屑的SEM 形貌

    Figure  13.  SEM morphology of grinding debris after drilling

    表  1  P110钢的化学成分[16]

    Table  1.   Chemical compositions of the P110 steel[16]

    元素质量分数 ω / %
    C0.260
    Si0.220
    Mn1.500
    P0.008
    S0.002
    Cr0.157
    Ni0.013
    Ti0.035
    Cu0.012
    Fe余量
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  套料钻刀头烧结工艺

    Table  2.   Sintering process of core drill head

    实验号烧结温度θ / ℃保温时间
    t / min
    烧结压力
    σ /MPa
    Fe基刀头8304.527.8
    W基刀头9206.530.0
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-03-01
  • 修回日期:  2023-04-17
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-11-06
  • 刊出日期:  2024-02-20

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